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Полезная информация
 

 Incoterms-2000

 

EXW
EX Works (... named place)

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale, at his premises (i.e. works, factory, warehouse, etc.)

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage and insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been placed at the disposal of the buyer;

pay all costs relating to the goods until such time as they have been placed at the disposal of the buyer;

he is not responsible for clearing the goods for the export;

this term represents the minimum obligation for the seller.

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

take delivery of the goods as soon as they have been placed at his disposal at the named place of delivery on the date or within the period stipulated;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from time they have been placed at his disposal;

obtain at his own risk and expense any export and import license or other official authorization and carry out all customs formalities for the exportation and importation of the goods;

this term represents the maximum obligation for the buyer.

 

 

FCA
Free Carrier (...named place)                                                                   

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

deliver the goods, cleared for export, into the custody of the carrier or another person (e.g. a freight forwarder) named by the buyer, or chosen by the seller, at the named place or point;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage and insurance. However, if requested by the buyer or if it is commercial practice and the buyer does not give an instruction to the contrary in due time, the seller may contract for carriage on usual terms at the buyer's risk and expense;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been delivered to the carrier or another person named by the buyer, at the named place or point;

pay all the costs relating to the goods until such time as they have been delivered to the carrier at the named place or point;

pay the costs of customs formalities as well as all duties, taxes, and other official charges payable upon exportation;

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

take delivery of the goods in accordance with the seller's delivery obligation;

contract at his own expense for the carriage of the goods from the named place, except as provided for in the seller's obligations concerning the carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the time they have been delivered;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered and pay any additional costs incurred, either because he fails to name the carrier, or the carrier named by him fails to take the goods into his charge at the agreed time;

pay all duties, taxes and other official charges as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon importation of the goods.

       

 

 

FAS
Free Alongside Ship (... named port of shipment)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale;

deliver the goods alongside the named vessel at the loading place named by the buyer at the named port of shipment on the date or within the period stipulated;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage and insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been delivered;

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

take delivery of the goods in accordance with the seller's delivery obligation;

contract at his own expense for the carriage of the goods from the named port of shipment;

bear all risks of loss of or damage of the goods from the time they have been delivered in accordance with the seller's delivery obligations. Should he fail to fulfill his delivery obligations, bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods incurred thereby and should h fail to give the seller sufficient notice of the vessel name, loading place and required delivery time, or should the vessel named by him fail to arrive on time, or unable to take the goods, ot close for cargo earlier than the stipulated time;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered and pay any additional costs incurred, either because the vessel named by him has failed to arrive on time, or will be unable to take the goods, or will close for cargo earlier than the stipulated time;

pay all duties, taxes and other official charges as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon exportation and importation of the goods.

       

 

 

FOB
Free On Board (... named port of shipment)
Франко борт (... название порта отгрузки)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale; deliver the goods on board the vessel named by the buyer at the named port of shipment;

fulfils his obligation to deliver when the goods have passed over the ship's rail at the named port of shipment;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage and insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have passed the ship's rail at the named port of shipment;

pay all costs relating to the goods until such time as they have passed the ship's rail at the named port of shipment;

pay the costs of customs formalities necessary for exportation as well as all duties, taxes and other official charges payable upon exportation.

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

contract at his own expense for the carrier of the goods from the named port of shipment;

take delivery of the goods in accordance with the seller's delivery obligations;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the time they have passed the ship's rail at the named port of shipment;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have passed the ship's rail at the named port of shipment and pay any additional costs incurred, either because the vessel named by him has failed to arrive on time, or is unable to take the goods, or will close for cargo earlier than the stipulated date;

pay all duties, taxes and other official charges as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon importation of the goods.

       

 

 

 CFR
Cost and Freight (... named port of destination)
Стоимость и фрахт (... название порта назначения)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale;

deliver the goods on board the vessel at the port of shipment on the date or within the period stipulated;

contract on usual terms at his own expense for the carriage of the goods to the named port of destination by the usual route in a seagoing vessel; has no obligations regarding the contract of insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have passed the ship's rail at the port of shipment;

pay all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered as well as the freight;

pay all other costs resulting from the delivery of goods, including costs of loading the goods on board and any charges for unloading at the port of discharge which may be levied by regular shipping lines when contracting for carriage;

pay the costs of customs formalities necessary for exportation as well as all duties, taxes and other official charges payable upon exportation.

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

accept delivery of the goods when they have been delivered in accordance with the seller's delivery obligations and receive them from the carrier at the named port of destination;

bear all risks of loss of or damage of the goods from the time they have passed the ship's rail at the port of shipment. Should he fail to give notice to the seller, bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the agreed date or the expiry date of the period fixed for shipment provided;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered and, unless such costs and charges have been levied by regular shipping lines when contracting for carriage;

pay all duties, taxes and other official charges as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon importation of the goods.

       

 

 

 CIF
Cost, Insurance and Freight (... named port of destination)
Стоимость, страхование и фрахт (...название порта назначения)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale;

deliver the goods on board the vessel at the port of shipment on the date or within the period stipulated;

contract on usual terms at his own expense for the carriage of the goods to the named port of destination by the usual route in a seagoing vessel;

obtain an his own expense cargo insurance as agreed in the contract and pays the insurance premium;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have passed the ship's rail at the port of shipment;

pay all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered on board of the vessel at the port of shipment , as well as the freight;

pay all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered on board the vessel at the port of shipment, as well as the freight and all other costs resulting from the contract of carriage and insurance, including costs of loading the goods on board and any charges for unloading at the port of discharge;

pay the costs of customs formalities necessary for exportation as well as all duties, taxes and other official charges payable upon exportation.

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

accept delivery of goods when they have been delivered in accordance with the seller's delivery obligations and receive them from the carrier at the named port of destination;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage of the goods from the time they have passed the ship's rail at the port of shipment;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered and, unless such costs and charges have been levied by regular shipping lines when contracting for carriage;

pay all duties, taxes and other official charges as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon importation of the goods and, where necessary, for their transit through another country.

       

 

 

CPT
Carriage Paid To (... named place of destination)
Фрахт/перевозка оплачены до (...название места назначения)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale;

deliver the goods into the custody of the carrier or, if there are subsequent carriers, to the first carrier, for transportation to the named place of destination on the date or within the period stipulated;

contract on usual terms at his own expense for the carriage of the goods to the agreed point at the named place of destination;

has no obligation regarding the contract of insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been delivered into the custody of the carrier, or, if there are subsequent carriers, to the first carrier;

pay all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered into the custody of the carrier or, if there are subsequent carriers, to the first carrier as well as the freight and all other costs resulting from the contract of carriage, including costs of loading the goods and any charges for unloading at the place of destination;

pay the costs of customs formalities necessary for exportation as well as all duties, taxes or other official charges payable upon exportation.

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

accept delivery of goods when they have been delivered in accordance with the seller's delivery obligations and receive them from the carrier at the named place of destination;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage of the goods from the time they have been delivered;

pay all costs relating to the goods from time they have been delivered;

pay all duties, taxes and other official charges as well as the costs of carrying out the customs formalities payable upon importation of the goods and, where necessary, for their transit through another country.

       

 

 

CIP
Carriage and Insurance Paid
Тo (... named place of destination)
Фрахт/перевозка и страхование оплачены до (...название места назначения)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

deliver the goods into the custody of the carrier or, if there are subsequent carriers, to the first carrier, for transportation to the named place of destination on the date or within the period stipulated;

contract on usual terms at his own expense for the carriage of the goods to the agreed point at the named place of destination;

obtain at his own expense cargo insurance as agreed in the contract and pays the insurance premium;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been delivered into the custody of the carrier or, if there are subsequent carriers, to the first carrier;

pay all costs relating to the goods until they have been delivered into the custody of the carrier or, if there are subsequent carriers, to the first carrier, as well as the freight and all other costs resulting from the contract of carriage and insurance, including costs of loading the goods on board and any charges for unloading at the port of discharge which may be levied by regular shipping lines when contracting for carriage;

pay the costs of customs formalities necessary for exportation as well as all duties, taxes and other official charges payable upon exportation.

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

accept delivery of the goods when they have been delivered in accordance with the seller's delivery obligations and receive them from the carrier at the named port of destination;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the time they have been delivered into the custody of the carrier or, if there are subsequent carriers, to the first carrier;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been delivered into the custody of the carrier or, if there are subsequent carriers, to the first carrier and, unless such costs and charges have been included in the freight or incurred by the seller when contracting for carriage, pay all costs and charges relating to the goods whilst in transit until their arrival at the agreed place of destination, as well as unloading costs;

pay all duties, taxes and other official charges as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon importation of the goods.

       

 

 

DAF
Delivered At Frontier (... named place)
Поставка до границы (... название места поставки)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale;

place the goods at the disposal of the buyer at the named place of delivery at the frontier on the date or within the period stipulated. The term "frontier" may be used for any frontier including that of the country of export;

contract at his own expense for the carriage of the goods to the named point at the place of delivery at the frontier (including, if necessary, for their transit through another country);

has no obligation regarding the contract of insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been delivered;

pay all costs of the goods until they have been delivered in accordance with the seller's delivery obligations as well as, in addition to costs resulting from the contract of carriage, the expenses of discharge operations (including lighterage and handling charges), if it is necessary or customary for the goods to be discharged on their arrival at the named place of delivery at the frontier, in order to place them at the buyer's disposal;

pay the costs of customs formalities necessary for exportation as well as all duties, taxes or other official charges payable upon exportation and, where necessary, for their transit through another country.

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

take delivery of the goods as soon as they have been placed at his disposal;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the time they have been placed at his disposal;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been placed at his disposal at the named place of delivery at the frontier. Should he fail to take delivery of the goods when they have been placed at his disposal or to give sufficient notice to the seller, bear all additional costs incurred thereby provided, however that the goods have been appropriated to the contract;

pay all duties, taxes and other official charges as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon importation of the goods and, where necessary, for their subsequent transport.

       

 

 DES
Delivered Ex Ship (... named port of destination)
Поставка с судна (... название порта назначения)

  

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale;

place the goods at the disposal of the buyer on board the vessel at the usual unloading point in the named port of destination uncleared for import on the date or within the period stipulated;

contract at his own expense for the carriage of the goods by a usual route and in a customary manner to the named place at the named port of destination;

has no obligation regarding the contract of insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been delivered in accordance with the seller's delivery obligations;

in addition to the costs resulting from the contract of carriage, pay all costs relating to the goods until such time as they have been delivered;

pay the costs of customs formalities necessary for exportation as well as all duties, taxes or other official charges payable upon exportation and, where necessary, for their transit through another country prior to delivery.

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

take delivery of the goods as soon as they are placed at his disposal;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the time they have been placed at his disposal;

pay all costs relating to the goods including unloading from the time they have been placed at his disposal;

pay all duties, taxes and other official charges as well as the costs of carrying out customs formalities payable upon importation of the goods.

  

 

DEQ
Delivered Ex Quay (... named port of destination)
Поставка с пристани (... название порта назначения)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale;

place the goods at the disposal of the buyer on the quay or wharf cleared for importation at the agreed port of destination and on the date or within the period stipulated;

contract at his own expense for the carriage of the goods by a usual route and in customary manner to the quay at the named port of destination;

has no obligation regarding the contract of insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been delivered;

in addition to the costs resulting from the contract of carriage, pay all costs relating to the goods until such time as they are delivered in accordance with the seller's delivery obligations;

pay the costs of customs formalities as well as all duties, taxes and other official charges payable upon exportation and importation of the goods, unless otherwise agreed and, where necessary, for their transit through another country prior to delivery. 

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

take delivery of the goods as soon as they have been placed at his disposal;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the time they have been placed at his disposal on the quay (wharf) cleared for import at the agreed port of destination;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been placed at his disposal on the quay (wharf) cleared for import at the agreed port of destination. Should he fail to take delivery of the goods when they have been placed at his disposal or to give sufficient notice to the seller, bear all additional costs incurred thereby provided, however that the goods have been appropriated to the contract.

       

 

 

 DDU
Delivered Duty Unpaid (... named place of destination)
Поставка без оплаты пошлины (... название места назначения)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale;

place the goods at the disposal of the buyer at the agreed point at the named place in the country of importation, on the date or within the period stipulated;

contract on usual terms at his own expense for the carriage of the goods to the agreed point at the named place of destination;

has no obligation regarding the contract of insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been delivered to the agreed point at the named place of destination;

in addition to costs resulting from the contract of carriage, pay all costs relating to the goods until such time as they have been delivered to the agreed point at the named place of destination;

pay the costs of customs formalities necessary for exportation as well as all duties, taxes and other official charges payable upon exportation;

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

take delivery of the goods as soon as they are placed at his disposal;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the time they have been placed at his disposal at the named place of destination;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been placed at his disposal at the named point of destination. Should he fail to fulfill his obligations in carrying out all customs formalities necessary for the importation of the goods, or to take delivery of the goods when they have been placed at his disposal or to give sufficient notice to the seller, bear all additional costs incurred thereby provided, however that the goods have been appropriated to the contract.

       

  

 

DDP
Delivered Duty Paid (... named place of destination)
Поставка с оплатой пошлины (... название места назначения)

 

A. The Seller:

B. The Buyer:

provide the goods and the commercial invoice, or its equivalent electronic message, in conformity with the contract of sale;

place the goods at the disposal of the buyer at the agreed point at the named place in the country of importation, on the date or within the period stipulated;

contract at his own expense for the carriage of the goods to the agreed point at the named place of destination;

has no obligation regarding the contract of insurance;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods until such time as they have been delivered to the agreed point at the named place of destination;

in addition to costs resulting from the contract of carriage, pay all costs relating to the goods until such time as they have been delivered to the agreed point at the named place of destination;

pay the costs of customs formalities as well as all duties, taxes and other official charges payable upon exportation and importation of the goods, unless otherwise agreed and, where necessary, their transit through another country prior to delivery;

this term represents the maximum obligation for the seller.

pay the price as provided in the contract of sale;

take delivery of the goods as soon as they have been placed at his disposal;

has no obligation regarding the contract of carriage;

bear all risks of loss of or damage to the goods from the time they have been placed at his disposal at the agreed point at the named place in the country of importation;

pay all costs relating to the goods from the time they have been placed at his disposal. Should he fail to take delivery of the goods when they have been placed at his disposal or to give sufficient notice to the seller, bear all additional costs incurred thereby provided, however, that the goods have been appropriated to the contract;

this term represents the minimum obligation for the buyer.

       

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
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